Diabetes and the importance of exercise
By Elaine Delaney, Personal Trainer
Did you know 280 Australians develop diabetes every day but up to 60% of these cases could be prevented or delayed?!
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition where there is too much (sometimes too little) glucose in the blood.
Glucose is the main source of energy needed by the body, it can be found in bread, pasta, rice, cereals, fruits and starchy vegetables. The body breaks carbohydrates down into glucose and then enters the blood stream. In order for the body to use glucose for energy it required a hormone called insulin.
There are two major types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune condition in which the immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas which produce insulin. The cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown but detailed research has been developed on how best to manage insulin dependent diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, occurring when the pancreas does not produce or excrete enough insulin in the body which leads to excessive glucose levels in the blood stream. Type 2 diabetes was commonly associated with adults over the age of 45 but due to the change in lifestyle factors and the increasing level of obesity, type 2 diabetes is becoming more prevalent with in younger age groups including children, adolescents and young adults.
Role of exercise on insulin
Exercising provides many benefits to the body especially for those who are diabetic or at risk of diabetes. Exercise increases insulin sensitivity (both short and long term), lowers blood sugar levels, reduces body fat and improves cardiovascular function. For this reason, exercise offers enormous benefit to patients with diabetes.
Many studies have proven that regular exercise and a balanced diet will reduce the prevalence of diabetes. Over 40% of obese people and over 70% of individuals with cardiovascular disease were also diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Are you at risk?
The Department of Health have developed a risk assessment tool to analysis if you are at risk of developing diabetes. Simply complete the questionnaire here.
Exercises tips for diabetics
- Discuss with your doctor on how best to manage your diabetes during exercise before a new exercise routine
- Drink extra fluid before, during and after exercise to avoid dehydration. The fluid may be water or a sweetened drink if extra carbohydrate is required. 250 ml every 15 minutes or one litre of fluid per hour is recommended
- Wear comfortable and well-fitting shoes.
- Always inspect your feet before and after exercise.
- If you feel unwell or weak don’t exercise
So don’t become a statistic, maintain a balanced lifestyle of exercise and nutritious food for optimum health benefits.
Hi all, my name is Elaine Delaney co-founder of Euphoria Fitness Sydney.
I hold qualifications in health promotion, physiology and fitness. Since a young age, sports and fitness have been my passion and now I want to utilise this knowledge and experience to help other achieve their health and fitness goals.
My philosophy is life is small changes in your lifestyle can have a massive impact on your health. The key to achieving optimal health is good nutrition and exercise. In modern day society your fitness regime requires flexibility and commitment.
Euphoria Fitness provides specialised one to one or group personal training, for more information on the service provided simply use the contact details below.
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